- 1962 – J.C.R. Licklider (1915-1990) introduced the idea of an ‘Intergalactic Network: His idea involved a global computer network that allowed everyone to access information from anywhere in the world. He became head of Defence Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA/APRA), convincing his successors of the importance of the network.
- 1965 – MAILBOX was the first email system. It was first used at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.